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Fazl ur Rahman or Fazl-ur-Rehman (Urdu: فضل الرحمان)-

Mullana Fazalurehman
 
Maulana Fazal-ur-Rehman

Maulana Fazal-ur-Rehman is the son of Mufti Mahmud (Former provincial Chief Minister).
He born on June 19, 1953 in Abdul Khel, Dera Ismail Khanwas elected as MNA for his third term on an MMAP seat. He is the President (Ameer) of JUI(F). He is also Secretary General of MMAP.Maulana Fazal-ur-Rahman is one of the few amongst the political leaders of Pakistan, who, in addition to the countrywide large public support, wields quite an influence across the borders. The Taliban movement inside Afghanistan, which is considered to be the creation of the madressahs run by Maulana Fazal-ur-Rahman's faction of the Jamiat-i-Ulema-i-Islam (JUI), has restored his political importance within Pakistan.

The amount of influence wielded by the JUI on the Taliban due to its capacity to raise battalions of fighters has given a new dimension to his politics. The Taliban phenomenon, overwhelmingly accepted in areas already influenced by religious thoughts, specially the southern districts of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, the majority areas of FATA and pockets in Balochistan, has given a boost to the popularity graph of the JUI in these regions.

The hundreds of Madressahs run by the Maulana's religio-political JUI in all the four provinces of the country and in FATA provide him and his party the fuel for electioneering politics.

The JUI's hard core supporters in the rural areas of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and some of the Pakhtoon dominated areas of Balochistan besides the party's ability to utilize the strength of its Madressahs in elections politics give the JUI an eminence over all the other religio-political parties of the country.

Capitalizing on the political line of action that he inherited from his father, Maulana Mufti Mahmood, Fazalur Rahman's anti-secular politics and opposition to successive military governments equally played an important role in maintaining his public standing at a certain level.

He set up his own faction of JUI after parting ways with the undivided JUI, led by Maulana Darkhawsti, over the issue of extending support to the military regime of General Ziaul Haq. Although the JUI had been a part of the PNA in bringing about the overthrow of Bhutto, it later decided to go against the military regime and actively participated in the Movement for Restoration of Democracy (MRD).

JUI's stand against the sitting military government is in continuation of the party's line of action, which it adopted against the Zia regime. His father, Maulana Mufti Mahmood, who was a graduate from the Darul Uloom, Deoband, set the basis for Fazalur Rahman's political expediency.

Being from a renowned religious family of the Abdulkhel Banyala area, in Dera Ismail Khan district, Maulana Fazalur Rahman inherited from his father mass public support from their native area.

Of all the four general elections that Fazalur Rahman contested since 1988 from his native D.I.Khan's national assembly constituency, NA-18, he won two with convincing margins.

Of all the four general elections that Fazalur Rahman contested since 1988 from his native D.I.Khan's national assembly constituency, NA-18, he won two with convincing margins.

Maulana Fazal-ur-Rehman
Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam
Ameer
JUI-F
Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam

And the two he lost - in 1990 and 1997 - were, as his supporters put it, more because of the engineered results that entrusted heavy mandates to the Sharifs of Lahore on both the occasions.

It was because of the family's mass public support and large vote bank in the D.I.Khan constituency that Maulana Mufti Mahmood was the lone leader in Pakistan who had defeated the then invincible Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto in the 1970 general elections.

Later, ZAB dismissed the Maulana Mufti Mahmood led-JUI/NAP coalition government in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (apart from the coalition government of the two parties in Balochistan) after developing political differences with them.

Maulana Fazlur Rahman's politics, like his father's, has been at odds with the Muslim League. The father was in Jama'at Ulema-i-Hind (Madani group) which shared the views of the Congress on the partition issue.

Fazalur Rahman remained in the camp of the political alliances and parties that were opposed to Nawaz Sharif's League. Only once did he contest the election in alliance with the PML, in 1990, and then too he lost.

However, unlike his father Maulana Mufti Mahmood who earned fame by defeating ZAB in 1970, Fazalur Rahman built his public image by supporting ZAB's daughter Benazir Bhutto during her second stint as the prime minister. His cooperation with the PPP to some extent diminished temporarily his party's image of an anti-secular religio-political entity. His involvement in some financial scandals, specially the charges levelled against him of supplying permits for exporting diesel from Pakistan to Afghanistan, also threw a blot on the party's reputation.

After completing an M.A. in Religious Studies, he pursued a teaching career and is currently Principal of Jamia-al-Maroof Sharia(Dera Ismail Khan). During his previous term as MNA, Maulana Fazal-ur-Rehman has served as Chairman Foreign Affairs Committee of the National Assembly.

Married and father of three sons and three daughters, he has travelled to several countries within Asia, Europe and Africa. (Urdu: مولانا فضل الرحمان) is the son of the Former Chief Minister of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Maulana Mufti Mahmud. Mufti Mahmud was a political leader of the Jamiat-ul-ulamai-Hind before 1947 in united India. But he is an complete contrast with his father behaviour.He is considered one of the Munafiq leader.He is Ameer (President) of a faction of a political party Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (Assembly of 'Ulama-e-Islam). His faction is known as Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam Fazal ur Rahman group or JUI-F. He is also the General Secretary of the Religious Alliance; Muttahidah Majlis-e-'Amal (Council of United Action) or MMA. He is originally from the Abdulkhel Panyala area in Dera Ismail Khan District of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. He is a postgraduate in Political Science, IR and Religious Affairs. He was selected as Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly of Pakistan by the Speaker of the Assembly on May 25, 2004. He remained in that post till his resgination from the assembly in 2007.

Fazl ur-Rahman inherited from his father mass public support from their native area of Dera Ismail Khan. Of the four general elections that Fazl ur-Rahman contested since 1988 from his national assembly constituency, NA-18, he won two with convincing margins. In the two he lost - in 1990 and 1997 - were, as his supporters put it, more because of the engineered results that entrusted heavy mandates to the Sharifs of Lahore on both the occasions. It was because of the family's mass public support and large vote bank in the Dera Ismail Khan constituency that Maulana Mufti Mahmood was the lone leader in Pakistan who had defeated the then invincible Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto in the 1970 general elections.

Fazl ur-Rahman's politics, like his father's, has been at odds with the Muslim League. The father was in Jama'at Ulema-i-Hind (Madani group) which shared the views of the Congress on the partition issue. Fazl ur-Rahman remained in the camp of the political alliances and parties that were opposed to Nawaz Sharif's League. Only once did he contest the election in alliance with the PML, in 1990, and then too he lost.

Fazl ur-Rahman built his public image by supporting Zulfaqir Ali Bhutto's daughter Benazir Bhutto during her second term as the prime minister. His cooperation with the PPP to some extent diminished temporarily his party's image of an anti-secular religio-political entity. His involvement in some financial scandals, specially the charges levelled against him of supplying permits for exporting diesel from Pakistan to Afghanistan, also threw a blot on the party's reputation.

He is regarded by some as an opportunist posing as an Islamic leader. However, his critics tagged him with the name "Maulana Diesel" in the past government of Benazir Bhutto due to his involvement in Diesel permits and making a lot of money. Opponents regard him as a corrupt man who is tarnishing the image of Islam. He was elected MNA from Bannu in the 2008 general elections and is currently Chairman of Kashmir Affairs Committee of the National Assembly of Pakistan.

He urges Muslims to fight, although he and his family have not participated in armed conflicts themselves. He is presently leader of the opposition in Parliament and is rumoured to hold aspirations to be the prime minister of Pakistan one day.

Maulana Fazal-ur-Rehman has been elected to National Assembly on multiple occasions. He was appointed as Chairman of the parliamentary committee on foreign affairs in the second government of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto. He was Leader of the Opposition between 2004–2007, as he was leading a sizable contingent of opposition parliamentarians (mainly from MMA).

In February 18, 2008 elections, Fazal-ur-Rehman lost his seat from his home town Dera Ismail Khan. He, however, won a seat from Bannu while his brother Maulana Atta ur Rehman won the National Assembly seat in Dera Ismail Khan kum Tank. His party JUI currently has 7 National Assembly seats, 14 seats in NWFP provincial assembly, and 10 and 2 in Baluchistan and Punjab Assembly. These were pretty good result, keeping in mind that only a small part of the coalition was contesting the election. His party lost around 20 provincial seats in NWFP by a few hundred votes. Securing, so many votes (and reasonable number of seats), as an individual party of the 6 parties MMA, is testimony to the popularity of previous MMA provincial government.



 

 

 

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